Structure II
Course Objective:
To understand the behavior of various structures under loading, and methods to analyze structural components
 Introduction (6 hours)
 Structural elements  bar, plate, block and their characteristics
 Geometrical stability of framed structures
 Basic definition of a structure
 Stability, statically determinate and indeterminate structures
 Statically determinate plane trusses
 Joint method to determine member forces of a plane truss
 Section method to determine member forces of a plane truss
 Introduction to space trusses
 Energy Principles (12 hours)
 Linearly elastic structures
 Principle of superposition
 Maxwell reciprocal theorem
 Betti's law
 Real work and virtual work
 Strain energy
 Strain energy due to axial force, shear force, bending moment and torsion
 Real work method to determine displacements, and its limitations
 Virtual work method to determine displacements
 Unit load method to determine deflection of beams and frames
 Moment area theorems I and II
 Moment area method to determine the deflection of beams and frames
 Introduction to Influence Line Diagrams (6 hours)
 Moving loads
 Concept of Influence Line Diagrams
 Significance of Influence Line Diagrams
 Influence Line Diagrams for Reactions, Shear Force and Bending Moment
 Determination of stresses from Influence Line Diagrams
 Three Hinged Systems (6 hours)
 Statically determinate arches and frames
 Parabolic and circular three hinged arches
 Support reactions, shear, thrust and bending moment in a three hinged arch
 Three hinged arches with supports at different levels
 Introduction to Analysis of Indeterminate Structures (15 hours)
 Statically indeterminate structures
 Introduction to slope deflection method
 Fixed end moments due to transverse loads
 Fixed end moments due to support rotations and support settlements
 Basic slope deflection equations
 Analysis of indeterminate beams and frames by slope deflection method
 Introduction to moment distribution method
 Stiffness, distribution factor and carry over factor
 Modified stiffness
 Analysis of indeterminate beams and frames by moment distribution method
References:
 S Negi & R S Jangid “Structural Analysis”, Tata McGraw Hill
 C S Reddy “Basic Structural Analysis”, Tata McGraw Hill
 Pundit & Gupta,”Structural Analysis”, Tata McGrawHill
 Hibbler,”Structural Analysis”, Prentice Hall
 E P Popov,”Mechanics of Solids”, Prentice Hall of India
Evaluation Scheme:
Chapters 
Hours 
Marks distribution* 
1 
6 
12 
2 
12 
20 
3 
6 
12 
4 
6 
12 
5 
15 
24 
Total 
45 
80 
*Note: There may be minor deviation in marks distribution.
