Heat Transfer
Course Objective:
To introduce the concepts of heat transfer to enable the students to design components subjected to thermal loading.
- Review on Basic Concepts of Heat Transfer[1 hour]
- Mechanism of Heat Transfer
- Factors Affecting Heat Transfer
- Engineering Applications
- Conduction Heat Transfer[12 hours]
- General Differential equation of Conduction
- Fourier Law of Conduction
- Cartesian and Cylindrical Coordinates
- One and Two Dimensional Steady State Heat Conduction
- Conduction through Plane Wall, Cylinders and Spherical systems
- Composite Systems
- Conduction with Internal Heat Generation
- Unsteady Heat Conduction
- Lumped Analysis
- Use of Heislers Chart
- Convection Heat Transfer[12 hours]
- Newton’s law of cooling
- Convective Heat Transfer Coefficients
- Boundary Layer Concepts
- Free Convection
- Dimensional Analysis
- Flow over Plates, Cylinders and Spheres
- Forced Convection
- Dimensional Analysis
- Flow over Plates, Cylinders and Spheres
- Laminar and Turbulent Flow
- Combined Laminar and Turbulent
Flow over Bank of tubes
- Radiation Heat Transfer[8 hours]
- Laws of Radiation
- Stefan Boltzman Law, Kirchoff Law
- Relationship between Temperature, Frequency and Wavelength
- Reflectivity, Absorbtivity and Transmissivity
- Black and Grey body radiation
- Shape Factor Algebra
- Electrical Analogy
- Radiation Shields
- Introduction to Gas Radiation
- Phase Change Heat Transfer[2 hours]
- Nusselts Theory of Condensation
- Pool Boiling and Flow Boiling
- Correlations in Boiling and Condensation
- Applications of Heat Transfer[6 hours]
- Fins
- Types of Fins
- Heat Dissipation from Fins
- Fin Performance
- Heat exchanger
- Types of Heat Exchangers
- LMTD Method of Heat Exchanger Analysis
- Effectiveness
- NTU Method of Heat Exchanger Analysis
- Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient
- Fouling Factors
- Introduction to Mass Transfer[4 hours]
- Basic Concepts
- Diffusion Mass Transfer
- Fick’s Law of Diffusion
- Steady State Molecular Diffusion
- Convective Mass Transfer
- Momentum, Heat and Mass Transfer Analogy
- Convective Mass Transfer Correlations
References:
- Holman J.P “Heat and Mass Transfer” Tata McGraw-Hill.
- Ozisik M.N, “Heat Transfer”, McGraw-Hill Book Co.,.
- Yadav R “Heat and Mass Transfer” Central Publishing House.
- Sachdeva R C, “Fundamentals of Engineering Heat and Mass Transfer” New Age International.
- Nag P.K, “Heat Transfer”, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi.
Laboratories:1.5 Hr/Week
Lab 1 Conduction Heat Transfer
Verification of Conduction Laws
Drawing of Temperature Profile
Comparison between Thermal Conductivities of Different Types of Materials
Lab 2 Convection Heat Transfer
Free Convection from Different Types of Plates
Force Convection from Different Types of Plates
Lab 3 Radiation Heat Transfer
Relationship between Temperature, Frequency and WavelengthÂ
Reflectivity, Absorbtivity and Transmissivity
Lab 4 Boiling Heat Transfer
Mass and Energy Balances
Efficiency
Effects of Mixture on Boiling Heat Transfer
Lab 5 Heat Exchanger
Energy Balance of Different Types of Heat Exchangers
Drawing of Temperature Profiles of Different Types of Heat Exchangers
Effectiveness of Different Types of Heat Exchangers
Lab 6 Fins
Drawing of Temperature Profiles of Different Types of Fins
Heat Dissipation from Different Types of Fins
Evaluation Scheme:
Chapters |
Hours |
Marks distribution* |
1 |
1 |
2 |
2 |
12 |
20 - 22 |
3 |
12 |
20 - 22 |
4 |
8 |
14 - 16 |
5 |
2 |
4 |
6 |
6 |
10 - 12 |
7 |
4 |
6 - 8 |
Total |
45 |
80 |
*Note: There may be minor deviation in marks distribution.