Estimating and Costing
Course Objective:
To provide basic knowledge of estimating and costing of civil engineering works; to analyze the rates and estimate the cost of various construction works.
 Introduction(3 hours)
 Definition
 Estimated Cost and Actual Cost
 Purpose of Estimating
 Principle of Units and Measurement
 Units of Measurement and Payment for Various Items of Works and Materials
 Data Required for Estimating
 Method of Estimating (5 hours)
 Method of Measurements of Building and Civil Engineering Works
 Subheads of Various Items of Works
 Various Methods of Taking Out Quantities
 Abstracting Bill of Quantities
 Preparation of Detailed Estimate: Cost of Items, Contingencies Work charged Establishment
 Types of Estimate (3 hours)
 Approximate Estimates
 Detailed Estimate
 Revised Estimate
 Supplementary Estimate
 Annual Repair and Maintenance Estimate
 Extension and Improvement Estimate
 Complete Estimate
 Split Up of Cost of Building and Road WorksWater Supply and Sanitary Works.
 Analysis of Rates (9 hours)
 Introduction
 Purpose of Rate Analysis
 Importance of Rate Analysis
 Requirement of Rate Analysis
 Factors Affecting the Rate Analysis
 Method of Preparing Rate Analysis for
 building works
 road works
 sanitary and water supply works
 irrigation works
 Project Estimate (5 hours)
 Estimate for a Project
 Report on Estimate
 Estimate for Building Project
 Estimate for Road Project
 Estimate for Irrigation Project
 Estimate for Small Sewerage Project
 Estimate for Water Supply Project
 Detailed Estimate (20 hours)
 Detailed Estimate for a Single Room Load Bearing Frame Structured Building
 Detailed Estimate of a Two Roomed Load Bearing and Framed Structured Building
 Estimate of Earth Work in Road Construction in Plain Area
 Estimate of Earth Work in Road Construction in Hilly Area
 Estimate of Earth Work in Canals
 Estimate for the Construction of Highway for One km Length
 Estimate for Slab Culverts
 Estimate of a Well Foundation
 Estimate of a Pier
 Estimate for T‐Beam Decking
 Estimate for Septic Tank and Soak Pit
 Estimate of an Underground R.C.C. Water Tank
Tutorial:
(15 hours)
 A Double Storied Residential Building
 A Portion of Road Way
 A Portion of Canal with Lining
 Application of Program to Estimate the Quantities of Materials
 Application of Program to Calculate the Volume of Earth Work for a Roadway
 A Residential Toilet
References:
 M. Chakraborti, "Estimating, Costing, Specification and Valuation",
 G.S. Berdie, "Text book of Estimating and Costing (Civil Engineering)",
 A.K. Upadhyaya, "Estimating and Costing".
 Seymour Berger and Jules B. Godel, "Estimating and Project Management for Small Construction Firms"
Evaluation Scheme:
The questions will cover all the chapters in the syllabus. The evaluation scheme will be as indicated in the table below:
Chapter 
Hours 
Marks distribution* 
1 
3 
5 
2 
5 
10 
3 
3 
5 
4 
9 
20 
5 
5 
5 
6 
20 
35 
Total 
45 
80 
*Note: There may be minor deviation in marks distribution.
