Course Objective:
After the completion of this course, students will have an overview of clean energy technology and outline of the basic principles of solar electricity, solar water heating, wind power, micro hydro, biomass, bio-fuel, bio-diesel etc and their applications in urban and rural environments. The emphasis is on how things work and what it is practicable to do.

  1. An Introduction to Energy and Power (4 hours)
    1. Energy: definition, types of energy,
    2. National and international scenario,
    3. Energy conversion and conservation,
    4. Energy and the environment, recycling.
    5. Types of power systems, characteristics of power systems,
    6. Basic elements of all power systems,
    7. Calculations of power systems

  2. Energy sources and impact (4 Hours)
    1. Different types of Fossil Fuels,
    2. Their processing and application in the context of industry,
    3. Acid Rain and the Greenhouse Effect;
    4. Renewable Energy Sources,
    5. Inexhaustible Energy Sources and their scope for the industry.

  3. Solar Energy (7 hours)
    1. Working principles of Solar Thermal Energy, Passive Solar,Photovoltaic Technology
    2. Different applications of solar energy.
    3. Design of solar energy (Thermal, PV and Passive) systems for different applications in different contexts: domestic, commercial buildings, public facilities and industrial use.

  4. Biomass, bio-fuel and biogas technologies (7 hours)
    1. Working principles,
    2. Methods of energy generations,
    3. Different types of technologies and applications for domestic as well as industrial use.
    4. System design for different applications in industry,
    5. Heat from the waste for industrial applications

  5. Wind Energy (6 hours)
    1. Working principles,
    2. Methods of energy generations,
    3. Different types of technologies and applications for domestic as well as industrial use,
    4. System design for different applications

  6. Energy from Micro and Mini Hydro (8 hours)
    1. Working principles,
    2. Methods of energy generations,
    3. Different types of technologies and applications,
    4. Design of different components and its selections

  7. Other Energy Sources and Technologies (5 hours)
    1. Energy from cogeneration (CHP),
    2. Working principle and system design of Steam Engine and Gas Turbine for Industrial applications,
    3. Hydrogen energy and fuel cell technology
    4. Other new renewable energy technologies,
    5. Different methods of energy generations and their applications to Industry

  8. Energy Economics (4 hours)
    1. Introduction
    2. Financial and Economic analysis of energy project and Selection
    3. Energy pricing and Tariff Selection

Practical (1.5 hours/week)

  1. Solar collectors and photo-voltaic energy conversion
  2. Different test on Biomass/ Bio fuel/ Biogas application .
  3. Wind energy generation Technologies and resource assessment methodology
  4. Demonstration of hydrogen fuel cell .
  5. Hydroelectric power generation; selected experiments (fluid lab)
  6. Field visit of different energy resources and generation sites and plants and preparation of reports based on learning and observation.

Practical works on this subject will be done partly in campus labs and workshop and partialy in field visits.


  1. Rai, G.D.," Non Conventional Energy Sources", Khana publisher
  2. Chauhan, D.S., Srivastav ,S.K.,"Non Conventional Energy Sources" ,New Age International Publisher
  3. Hasan Saeed, S., Sharma,D.K., "Non Conventional Energy Recourses", S.K. Kataria and Sons
  4. Rijal, Kamal," Energy Use in Mountain Areas, Trends and patters in China, India and Pakistan", ICIMOD
  5. Harvey, Adam,"Micro Hydro Design Manual", ITDG London
  6. Ale, B. B. and Shtestha, Bade, "National Hydrogen Energy", Road Map of Nepal
  7. Jyoti, Parikh,"Energy Models for 2000 and Beyond", Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi
  8. Devkota ,Govinda Prasad , "Renewable Energy Technology in Nepal , An overview and assessment"
  9. Bent, Sorensen, , "Renewable Energy" , Elsevier ,Third Edition
  10. Donald, L., "Biomass for Renewable Energy", Klass Elsevier
  11. Philip, G. Hill," Power Generation Resources", Hazarch Technology and Costs MIT Press,1977
  12. Thumann, A, "Fundamental of Energy Engineering", Fairmaont Press, Prentice Hall Inc, 1984
  13. Culp, A.W., "Principle of Energy Conversation"
  14. Tiwari,G. N., Narosa , K .Ghosat," Renewable Energy Resources "
  15. Duffie, J. A. and Beckman, W.A., "Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes", John wiley and Sons, New York, Second Edition, 1991.

Evaluation Scheme:
The Questions will cover all the chapters in the syllabus. The evaluation scheme will be as indicated in the table below:



Mark Distribution*

An Introduction to Energy and Power



Nonrenewable Sources and Renewable and Inexhaustible Energy and Impacts



Solar Energy



Biomass, Biofuel and biogas technologies



Wind Energy



Energy from Micro and Mini Hydro



Other Energy Sources and Technologies



Energy Economics






*Note: There may be minor deviation in marks distribution

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