COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS [AE _]
Course objectives:
 Introduction to CFD (4 hours)
 What is computational fluid dynamics?
 Basic principles of CFD
 Stages in a CFD simulation
 Fluidflow equations
 The main discretisation methods
 Exercises
 FluidFlow Equations (6 hours)
 Introduction
 Conservative differential equations
 Nonconservative differential equations
 Nondimensionalisation
 Exercises (Numerical Problems)
 Approximations and Simplified Equations (8 hours)
 Steadystate vstimedependent flow
 Twodimensional vs threedimensional flow
 Incompressible vs compressible flow
 Inviscidvs viscous flow
 Hydrostatic vs nonhydrostatic flow
 Boussinesq approximation for density
 Depthaveraged (shallowwater) equations
 Reynoldsaveraged equations (turbulent flow)
 Examples
 The ScalarTransport Equation (8 hours)
 Controlvolume notation
 The steadystate 1d advectiondiffusion equation
 Discretising diffusion
 Discretising the source term
 The matrix equation
 Discretising advection (part 1)
 Extension to 2 and 3 dimensions
 Discretisation properties
 Discretising advection (part 2)
 Implementation of advanced advection schemes
 Boundary conditions
 Solution of matrix equations
 Examples (Numerical Problems)
 Pressure and Velocity (6 hours)
 The momentum equation
 Pressurevelocity coupling
 Pressurecorrection methods
 Exercise (CFD Simulation in Software _ Tutorial Exercise)
 Turbulence (8 hours)
 What is turbulence?
 Momentum transfer in laminar and turbulent flow
 Turbulence notation
 Effect of turbulence on the mean flow
 Turbulence generation and transport
 Important shear flows
 Exercise (CFD Simulation in Software _ Design Problem)
 Pre and Postprocessing (5 hours)
 Stages of a CFD analysis
 The computational mesh
 Boundary conditions
 Flow visualization
Laboratories:
CFD Analysis in OpenFoam / Ansys
 Simulation of vortex shredding over a cylinder
 Simulation of air flow over an airfoil
 Use of UPWIND, CENTRAL Difference scheme for scalar advectiondiffusion problem.
References:
 An introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics – The Finite Volume Method, H. K. Versteeg and W. Malalasekera
 Computational Methods for Fluid Dynamics – Joel H. Ferziger / MilovanPeric
 Computational Fluid Dynamics: Principles and Applications, J. Blazek
 Computational Fluid Dynamics – The Basics with Applications, John D. Anderson, Jr.
 The Physics of Fluid Turbulence – W. D. Mc COMB
Text Book:
 Computational Fluid Dynamics – The basics and applications, Anderson J.D. Jr, (1995), McgrawHill, New York.
 An introduction to CFD, H. Versteeg and W. Malalasekra, Pearson, Education, 2nd Edition, 2008. Reference Book
 Computational Fluid Dynamic – a practical approach, Jiyuan Tu, Guan Heng Yeoh and Chaoqun Liu, Butterworth 
Heinemann (ELSEVIER), 2008.
 Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics, Pradip Niyogi, S.K. Chakrabarthy and M.K. Laha, Pearson Education,
2006.
Evaluation Scheme:
There will be questions covering all the chapters in the syllabus. The evaluation scheme for the question will be as indicated in the table below:
Chapter 
Hours 
Mark distribution* 
1 & 2 
4 + 6 
16 
3 
8 
16 
4 
8 
16 
5 & 7 
6 + 5 
16 
6 
8 
16 
Total 
45 
80 
*Note: There may be minor deviation in mark distribution.
