Basic Design II
Course Objective: 
To explore further from understanding the fundamental principles and elements of design to the development of skill in solving composite problem which includes different functions, circulation and construction system related to building design. To understand the development of design with respect to natural light, ventilation and service system. To introduce the use of perception in creative design. To employ the above process for the solution of architectural design and to present through freehand sketches, drawings and models.

  1. Understanding of Design Standards.(6 hours).
    The students will able to:
    1. Understand and investigate the measurement of human figure and their movements in space.
    2. Refer different data sources and standards
    3. Explore how the basic knowledge of anthropometry is being utilize in building design.
    4. Consider the use of light, ventilation and services system.

    Exercises-1. (Group work).
    1. Library research on Anthropometry and Anthropometric data with reference to international design standards.
    2. Compare and develop the anthropometric data based on Nepalese context.

    Application of knowledge of anthropometric data to building program formulation through the study of different activities. Introduction of idea of using natural light and ventilation.

    e.g. Design of own bed room with an attached bathroom.

  2. Understanding of visual perception and transformations of forms.    (10 hours)
  3. The students will able to:
    1. To get inspiration from the natural object.
    2. Understand how the perception changes with the change of colour, background and so on.
    3. Transformation of one form and shape to another to create different perceptions.
    4. To develop ability to design with the inspiration from nature.
    5. Develop further skill on freehand sketch, colouring and model making with the creative use of different materials.

    Make three dimensional sketch of any natural object and transform its shape and form to the level of abstraction by changing colours, reversing the colour of object and background, manipulating existing mass and void textures and grains etc. Presentation in the form of poster by composing series of sketches of transformation.

    Make a three dimensional model from the final sketch with innovative use of materials.

  4. Developing abilities to formulate building program to design of architectural space and composition.(14 hours)
  5. The students will able to: (utilise most of the knowledge from previous exercises).

    1. To explore how the basic knowledge of anthropometry is being utilise in building design.
    2. To refer different data sources and the standards.
    3. Discover through exploration of basic principles of design to apply in own design exercise.
    4. Consciously (deliberately) manipulate the organisation of architectural elements like floor, walls, roof etc to create spatial composition of relative complexity.
    5. Communicate explicitly in words, drawings and diagrams the concept of design and the knowledge gained from the case studies.
    6. Discover through analysis of interrelationship between the architectural composition and the context (site).

    Exercises-1. (Group work)    
    Application of the knowledge of anthropometric data to building design through Case- Studies e.g. residences, restaurants, bookshops, showrooms, city service centres etc.

      Building design of the similar building of their case study in a given site.

Internal Evaluation Scheme


No of


















*Note: There may be minor deviation in marks distribution.

  1. Ching Francis- Architecture: Form, Space and Order
  2. Nelson, George- How to see.
  3. Laeau, Paul- Graphic Thinking for Architects and Designers.
  4. Hall, Edward. -The Hidden Dimension.
  5. Sommer, Robert- Personal Space.
  6. Gibson, James. - The senses considered as Perceptual system.
  7. Chiara J. De and Callender J- Time Savers Standards, Building Types.

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