##### AERODYNAMICS

Course Objectives:
This course builds on the student's background in Fluid Mechanicsto deal primarily with internal and external flows (low-speed andhigh speed) relevant to aerospace applications. Studentsareexpected to be able to analyse flows past airfoils, wings as well asnozzles and diffusers which form the basic building blocks of an airplane.

1. Introduction (7 hours)
1. Lift, drag, moment and related coefficients;
2. Vector operations (review);
3. Conservation equations (mass, momentum and energy);
4. Streamlines, streaklines and pathlines;
5. Velocity potential and stream function
2. Inviscid, Incompressible flow (6 hours)
1. Bernoulli's equation, low-speed wind tunnel flows;
2. Governing equations and boundary conditions;
3. Elementary flows (uniform, sources, sinks and vortex);
4. Ideal lifting flow past a circular cylinder,
5. Kutta-Joukowski theorem and lift generation;
6. Source panel method for non-lifting flows;
3. Incompressible flow over airfoils (5 hours)
1. Introduction; Kutta Condition;
2. Thin airfoil theory (symmetric, cambered);
3. Aerodynamic center;
4. vortex panel method for lifting flows;
5. qualitative picture of viscous flow.
4. Finite Wing Theory (6 hours)
1. Introduction; Downwash and induced drag;
2. Biot-Savart Law and Helmholtz's Theorems;
3. Prandtl's lifting line theory;
4. Numerical lifting-line method;
5. Some practical aspects.
5. Introduction to Compressible flows (Inviscid) (5 hours)
1. Thermodynamics review;
2. Governing equations;
3. Compressibility.
6. Normal Shock, Oblique Shock and Expansion Waves (8 hours)
1. Basic relations; flow over wedges and cones;
2. shock interactions; blunt body flow;
3. Prandtl-Meyer expansion waves;
4. qualitative pitcute of shock wave-boundary layer interaction;
5. quasi-one-dimensional flow through nozzles and diffusers.
7. Linearized Theory for Subsonic and Supersonic Flows (6 hours)
1. Introduction; Velocity potential equation and linearized form;
2. Prandtl-Glauert correction;
3. Improved corrections;
4. Critical Mach number;
5. Drag divergence; Supercritical airfoils and area rule.
8. Aspects of hypersonic flows (2 hours)

References:

1. Houghton, E.L., and Caruthers, N.B., “Aerodynamics for Engineering students”, Edward Arnold Publishers Ltd., London, 1989.
2. Anderson, J.D., “Fundamentals of Aerodynamics”, MaGraw Hill Book Co., 1999
3. Milne Thomson, L.H., “Theoretical Aerodynamics”, Macmillan, 1985
4. John J Bertin., “Aerodynamics for Engineers”, Pearson Education Inc, 2002
5. Clancey, L J.,” Aerodynamics”, Pitman, 1986
6. Kuethe, A.M and Chow, C.Y, “Foundations of Aerodynamics”, Fifth Edition, John Wiley & Sons, 2000.

Practical

1. Subsonic Wing Tunnel Test of an NACA Airfoil.
2. Implement Vortex Panel Method in MATLAB to Calculate Lift of the NACA airfoil tested in Wind Tunnel.

Evaluation Scheme:
The questions will cover all the chapters of the syllabus. The evaluation scheme will be as indicated in the table below:

 Unit Chapter Topics Marks 1 1 All 16 2 2 & 3 All 16 3 4 All 16 4 5 & 7 All 16 5 6 & 8 All 16 Total 80
*Note: There may be minor deviation in marks distribution